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Two-way governance is a term used to describe how Indigenous and non-Indigenous laws are brought together in the governance systems of Indigenous organisations. Two-way governance uses both Indigenous and non-Indigenous governance practices to establish decision-making processes. Because PBCs are required to register under the CATSI Act and have obligations under various legislative regimes, such as the NTA, not only do they need to practise Indigenous governance but they also need clarity on the requirements and compliance of non-Indigenous practices.
For two-way governance to be effective Aboriginal communities must have the right to set their own priorities, define their own processes of governance and make their own decisions. A lack of cultural ‘fit’ between organisational governance arrangements and the local cultural system, has often been identified as the cause of governance problems (see Productivity Commission and CAEPR). Strong and effective two-way governance practices are seen as key factors in successful Indigenous organisations.
Examples of two-way governance
Many Indigenous organisations around Australia are successfully incorporating two-way governance practices into the governance of their corporations:
Some examples of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander governance models can be found here.