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What is governance?
Governance is about how people choose to collectively organise themselves to manage their own affairs, share power and responsibilities, decide for themselves what kind of society they want for their future, and implement those decisions. More information is availble on the Indigenous Governance Toolkit website (http://toolkit.aigi.com.au/toolkit/1-0-understanding-governance)
Corporate governance refers to how corporations are run and includes all the systems and processes put in place to control and monitor their operations, to maintain their values and realise their aims and objectives. Corporate governance is dependent on both having an effective governance structure in place, and the performance and values of the people responsible for running a corporation (see Australian Institute of Company Directors).
A corporation’s governance structure should clearly set out who has the authority to make important decisions and outline the roles and responsibilities of different people, such as members, directors, CEO, managers and staff. Accountability to a corporation’s members and staff, as well as to stakeholders such as funding bodies, regulatory authorities and the public are also important features of good corporate governance.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have their own concepts, systems and processes for effective governance that were in place before British sovereignty. Indigenous governance could be described as the unique ways in which Indigenous people come together to make decisions and engage in cultural, economic and social activities. There are many different Indigenous communities throughout Australia, with their own cultural and historical backgrounds, however there are some characteristics that some groups may have in common. These may include cultural institutions, organisation into family or clan based groups, cultural protocols regarding decision making, and the important role that leaders play.
The Eastern Maar Aboriginal Corporation experience
The Eastern Maar Aboriginal Corporation manages native title rights for the Eastern Maar Peoples, which includes people who identify as Maar, Eastern Gunditjmara, Tjap Wurrung, Peek Whurrong, Kirrae Whurrung, Kuurn Kopan Noot and/or Yarro waetch (Tooram Tribe).
The Far West Coast Aboriginal Corporation experience
The Far West Coast Aboriginal Corporation (FWCAC) manages the Far West Coast land as belonging to the Far West Coast Peoples. FWCAC represents 6 distinct cultural groups of Aboriginal people: Mirning Peoples, The descendants of Edward Roberts, Wirangu Peoples, Yalata Peoples, Kokatha Peoples and Maralinga Tjaratja (Oak Valley) Peoples.